1. Background

A consortium of Save the Children International (SCI), CARE Netherlands and Norwegian Refugees Council (NRC) are implementing HorumarintaElimiga Phase II (HE II) Program with SCI as the lead agency. The program is being implemented in partnership with Ministry of Education & Science (MOE&S) andMinistry of Employment, Social Affairs & family (MESAF). The overall objective of HorumarintaElmiga (HE) II is to help ensure that education and training efficiently and effectively contribute to poverty alleviation within a peaceful, secure and democratic Somaliland. HE II operates under the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) to education where each sub-sector needs to be treated in relation to its contribution to the Education sector as a whole.

The Technical Vocational Education & Training (TVET) is one of the major components of this program. The project has a target of reaching 1,100 disadvantaged youth (50% females) through the provision of employable skills training(Level I, II, and III), linked with Employment Promotion Services and functional literacy/numeracy training. The skills training is being conducted in Vocational Training Centers and Host training Enterprises located in the major towns of Somaliland.

Past labor market surveys have indicated an employment rate averaging between 60-70% in wage and self-employment. There are also indications that the private sector is the main employer of our graduates besides being a partner in the training cycle. Having graduated all targeted beneficiaries through institutional and enterprise-based training, there is an urgent need to fast track an end line tracer study that will establish the current post training employment status of the beneficiaries more so in wage and self-employment.

To date, a total of 1113 (463 female approximately 42%) trainees from poorest vulnerable and marginalized communities; particularly IDPs, minority groups, and school drop outs have been enrolled in 50 TVET providers (44 EBTVET host trainers and 7 IBTVET centres). 278 (159 female) trainees who have graduated very recently are in internship where they are supposed to have a hands on experience in a work environment. Therefore, this tracer study will focus the rest cohorts of trainees who graduated and being in the world of work as wage or self-employed persons in the last six months. Further, this study will also provide information on geographical distribution, gender and socio-economic background of the graduates in order to assess the poverty alleviation potential and the gender aspect of TVET programmes.

  1. Purpose of the study
  • This tracer study is aimed at establishing the employment rate of youth that graduated from 44 TVET providers (7 IBTVET centers&44 EBTVET host trainers) in Somaliland.
  • The Tracer study will also generate information about the marketability of the different trades/skill areas offered, employment levels and challenges at market place.
  • The information gathered in this study will inform the project’s final evaluation and contribute to shaping the future of TVET programming. Results of this study will also be shared with the Ministry of education and Science (particularly TVET directorate and TVQA Secretariat) and the Ministry of Employment,Social Affairs & family (MESAF) to better inform planning and policy development.
  1. Purpose and objectives of the study

The overall objective of this Tracer Study is to give an in- depth analysis of the employment destinations of HorumarintaElmigaII IBTVET and EBTVET graduates. Specifically, the study aims:

  1. To find out what the TVET graduates are specifically engaged in as a means of earning a livelihood,
  2. To identify what type of employment (wage or self-employment) the TVET graduates have ended up,
  3. To find out the performance of TVET graduates in whatever activities they are doing to earn a livelihood,
  4. To analyze the factors inhibiting the employment (wage or self-employment) of TVET graduates,
  5. To evaluate the effectiveness and relevance of the TVET courses from both the graduates’ and employers’ perspectives,
  6. To analyze factors affecting the provision of quality training by TVET providers.


  1. Scope of the study

The tracer study overall objectives is to collect information that can be used to help determine the project’s contribution to achieving the overall goal of transforming the livelihoods of the youth under HE II project through skills training and employment. It is also expected to measure the effectiveness (social, economic and skills training impact) of the project in equipping the target group with the necessary skills, attitude and knowledge towards self and/or wage employment. The data collected through the tracer study will enable  reporting  on  key impact indicators, and employment status, generate analysis about factors determining post-skills training career paths and performance in different employment subsectors as well as recommendations for improving the ‘competitiveness’ of skills graduates in the labor market. Additionally, the tracer study is essential in building an evidence base to demonstrate the impact of skills training focusing the following matters mentioned below.

  1. Identify employment destinations/career paths of HorumarintaElmiga II Project TVET graduates, factors determining post-training careers and performance in their different career destinations. In this regard it is expected that the study will collect information/data on (i) employment rate, graduates’ salaries/incomes and savings, the duration of finding a job after training, job retention rates, career differences, match between training and jobs taken up (by type of employment [formal, informal, wage and self-employment], location, gender and sector) and (ii) perceptions and satisfaction levels of graduates and employers in terms of relevance of the training provided, support from the EPS units and Ministry officials (MESAF), economic and other relevant dynamics and/or variables.
  2. Identify any difference between IBTVET/EBTVET in terms of the factors mentioned under point 1 and analyze the reasons for such differences.
  3. Comprehensively analyze factors affecting external efficiency and relevance of training provided by the IB/EBTVET centers (lengths of training, relevance and quality of training, saturation vocations/skills etc.) and other determinant factors including non-training related factors (access to capital/land, registration, lack of tools, lack of market possibilities, etc.) inhibiting unemployed graduates. Provide suggestions how the situation can be made better.
  4. To visit and discuss with employers and graduates to evaluate the relevance of the courses offered by the TVET providers, this will enable to assess whether trainees get the quality of training that matches job specifications and standards.
  5. Examine the quality of products they are producing and the quality of service being offered.
  6. Advice how best tracer studies can be made part of the general M&E framework for TVET.


  1. Methodology

5.1 Data collection:

The tracer study will include tracing completers/graduates of IB/EBTVET and limited survey of employers that employ HorumarintaElmiga Project graduates adopting a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods. It is expected that the consultant will propose an appropriate methodology. Following are some of the proposed methods for data collection methods.

  1. a) Documents Review:

Desk study review of all relevant documentation, including but not limited  to: The project document (proposal); Internal Project Tracer Study, Past Tracer Study reports( from HorumarintaElmiga I project); Labour Market Survey report; Interim reports, quarterly monitoring reports, Vocational Qualification Framework (VQF), trainee database,TVET Policy Documents and Ministry of education’s standardized TVET curriculum used by the centers.

  1. b) Qualitative Techniques:
  • Focus Group Discussions (FGD): Focus Group Discussions will be held with HorumarintaElmiga Project graduates (employed and unemployed)
  • Semi-Structured Interview (SSI): SSI will be carried out with a sample of E/IBTVET center Instructors, Ministry of Employment,Social Affairs and family (MESAF) employment promotion service unit officials, MoE TVET directors, private sector, Chamber of Commerce –Industry association, concerned government authorities, project staff and partners will be used.
  • Observations: Field of observations of some of the training sessions in progress, observations of working conditions of graduates that have got employment and gender differences in a sample of targeted workplaces
  • Key Informant Interviews: This method is important to capture the views and professional opinions of people who know about the circumstances on the ground and issues pertaining to youth employment and labor markets forces in general. Such persons should be selected from agencies like CARE, NRC, SCI, UNDP, TVET centers, ministry of youth and sports, ILO, MESAF, the Chamber of Commerce, Universities and Employers from both the public and private sectors.
  1. c) Quantitative data collection: The consultant will undertake a sampled survey of HorumarintaElmiga Project graduates (employed and unemployed) in order to establish employment trends and other factors related to competitiveness of graduates at the market place.

5.2 Sampling: A representative sample from the first and second cohorts of TVET completers/graduates will be selected and used in this study.  Both the sampling procedure and the sample size should be free from bias and allow accuracy and better conclusion of the population represented.

5.3 Data Analysis: Data gathered using various methods and tools will to be collated, analyzed, and interpreted systematically. Quantitative data will be analyzed using SSPS or other statistical data analysis programs available that can help generate the required information. Qualitative data will be analyzed for key themes and used to supplement quantitative data organized into themes.  Both qualitative and quantitative data should be used to draw conclusions about the performance of the training program and in making suitable recommendations for its improvement.

  1. Key Deliverables
  • Inception report: detailing the methodology including methodology, the sampling framework that will be used, proposed sources of data; and data collection, analysis procedures and a draft but detailed table of content. The developed tools will be discussed and approved by Save the Children Program Team before data collection commences. The report should also detail how youth will be involved in the tracer exercise.  Revised first Draft Final Report, incorporating suggestions and recommendations from the reference group. A second round of revision may be required before the final version of the Final Report can be produced,
  • A final report one electronic copy in PDF Format and one in DOC format)
  • An electronic copy of all data collection tools and the tracer study data set.
  • High quality photos and case studies.
  1. Roles and responsibilities

The consultant has the overall responsibility of carrying out the tracer study in an objective manner. SCI MEAL and project staff will organize and mobilize respondents as requested by the consultant.

  1. Duration and timeframe

The duration of the assignment is expected to be 30 days during the month June /July 2018excluding travel days. Below is a tentative itinerary that the selected consultant will work.

  Activity Person  days
a.       Development and submission of the inception report (includes detailed methodology and study tools) 3
b.       Consultative and briefing meetings with the field team 1
c.       Training of enumerators 1
d.       Data collection & debriefing 14
e.       Data Analysis, report writing and submission of draft reports 8
f.        Revision, finalization of the report, submission and approval 2
g.       Validation and  final report Presentation 1
  Total 30


  1. Qualifications and Expertise required
  • Post-graduate degree in Social Sciences, Education, Economics, Statistics or related field.
  • Minimum of 5 years relevant professional experience in research or tracer studies.
  • Background knowledge and experience in vocational skills programs is essential.
  • Strong experience in conceptualizing and implementing tracer studies within the context of TVET and preferably in the context of Somaliland and/or Somalia.
  • Excellent communication and report writing skills.
  1. Application Procedure & Requirements

Candidates interested in the position are expected to provide the following documentation:

  • A technical proposal with detailed response to the TOR, with specific focus on the scope of work, methodology to be used and key selection criteria.
  • Initial work plan based on methodology outlined, and indication of availability
  • A financial proposal detailing the daily rate expected and other mode of payment
  • Company profile or CV including a minimum of 3 references
  • Detailed budget breakdown based on expected daily rates.

Candidates should send the above mentioned documents via somalia.procurement@savethechildren.orgnot later than 23rdJune 2018. Please be informed that only qualified candidates will be shortlisted and invited for interview.

  1. Code of conduct

Save the Children’s work is based on deeply held values and principles of child safeguarding, and it is essential that our commitment to children’s rights and humanitarian principles is supported and demonstrated by all members of staff and other people working for and with Save the Children. Save the Children’s Code of Conduct sets out the standards which all staff members must adhere to and the consultant is bound to sign and abide to the Save the Children’s Code of Conduct.

A contract will be signed by the consultant before commencement of the action. The contract will detail terms and conditions of service, aspects on inputs and deliverables. The Consultant will be expected to treat as private and confidential any information disclosed to her/him or with which she/he may come into contact during her/his service.  The Consultant will not therefore disclose the same or any particulars thereof to any third party or publish it in any paper without the prior written consent of Save the Children. Any sensitive information (particularly concerning individual children) should be treated as confidential.

An agreement with a consultant will be rendered void if Save the Children discovers any corrupt activities have taken place either during the sourcing, preparation and implementation of the consultancy agreement.

  1. Mandatory Security Training

The consultant shall be expected to go through mandatory on-line security training and submit the certificate of completion to SC before the commencement of the task. Failure to deliver this will lead to an automatic disqualification. SC will advise on the security plan on appointment.


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