TERMS OF REFERENCE
PROTECTION ANALYSIS CONSULTANT
OXFAM PURPOSE: Oxfam is a leading, global humanitarian organization that works with others to overcome poverty and suffering. As part of a global movement for change, we are working together with communities to support them to have a say in decisions that affect them.
Oxfam has worked in Somaliland/Somalia for more than 40 years and has extensive experience in the collaborative design and management of both emergency response programs and development and resilience-oriented programming. Oxfam’s humanitarian response team has grown over the last months and expanding its response to increase and strengthen its humanitarian interventions in the country.
Drought in Somalia/Somaliland has led to another wave of displacement since early 2015, with an estimated 761,000 people having been displaced by the drought since November 2016. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are moving from rural areas to urban centers in search of livelihood opportunities and humanitarian assistance. The increased displacement presents significant protection challenges, particularly for women and children. Family separation, both forced and voluntary, has resulted in increased numbers of women and child-headed households and raises the risk of sexual violence or early marriage, Additionally, although likely substantially underreported, Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) remains prevalent, with women and girls from IDP households particularly vulnerable.
The ongoing drought has had substantial impact on daily life causing widespread displacement and the simultaneous erosion of household livelihoods. Therefore, this assessment seeks to analyse the impact that this shift has had on key protection concerns amongst communities of Sool and Sanag in new Oxfam operational areas under a recently secured ECHO grant.
Gaps in information on the nature and spread of protection risks has limited the extent to which humanitarian intervention and protection service provision is targeted towards affected populations. Additionally, at the strategic level, greater emphasis has been placed on the need to better understand, and respond to, protection concerns in Somaliland/Somalia. In their ‘Centrality of Protection Strategy 2018-19’, the Somalia Humanitarian Country Team (HTC) identified the need for strengthened system-wide data collection, analysis and data management across the protection sector as a key priority.
An understanding of the affected people’s capacities, coping mechanisms, roles, power relations and immediate needs will inform the design and implementation of an effective and equitable humanitarian
interventions. To facilitate this process, Oxfam is commissioning a rapid protection analysis to inform the first phase of the programme and find out base line information of target protection indicators.
Currently Oxfam has emergency drought response intervention in the two regions of Sool and Sanaag, mainly EFSVL, WASH and protection, Oxfam is committed to safe programming requiring that all humanitarian programs, whether implemented directly or with partners, must be “safe programs” that avoid causing inadvertent harm and are conflict sensitive. Therefore, Oxfam is planning to carry out protection analysis to identifying protection risk to affected communities, and to provide useful recommendation to informing safe programming. The assessment Will cover minimum 16 communities under the four districts of Lasanod, Ainabo, Gar-adag and Eil-afweyn that includes, Ulasan,Tulo-samakab, Adhi-cadey, Gabogabo,Bedweyn Gawsaweine, Canjiid, Dhudhub dhiilo, Balaadhis, Berkeda Ali hirsi, Karasharka, Ceel-ade Hulul, Gar-adag, Qoridhere and Dhomo.
ü OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSIGNMENT
The successful candidate will:
Support the development and implementation of a protection analysis in Sool and Sanag region with accompanying report.
Make recommendations to the Oxfam team involved in the humanitarian response on safe programming based on the protection analysis.
Make suggestions on protection messages which can be used in awareness raising and information dissemination.
ü Main tasks and Deliverables:
Consultation meetings with program teams and other key stakeholders.
Carry out a desk review of available information on the protection situation in target areas including existing protection assessment reports.
Develop tools and methodology for the protection analysis, with support from and collaboration with the Oxfam team: questionnaire framework, semi structured questions for FGDs and KIs.
Facilitate the process of field work for the protection analysis: recruit and train enumerators, facilitate FGD’s, monitor and support the field data collection.
Collect qualitative baseline information on protection indicators in the ECHO locations, including level of access to information, available services and conditions of access, level of knowledge on protection issues, key protection risks, community coping mechanisms etc.
Meet relevant stakeholders to understand protection dynamics e.g. government officials in the target districts, district courts other service providers on the ground.
Data cleaning, analysis, recommendations and feedback from key staff
Lead the process of drafting and finalizing protection analysis report giving an outline of the protection situation in Sool and Sanag, power and conflict dynamics, safe programming concerns,
Linked to the analysis, identify appropriate responses to reduce harm and increase capacity to protect (both through actions taken within WASH and EFSVL programmes and through recommendations for integrated protection activities)
Advise on key protection issues that messaging can be built around for awareness raising and information dissemination.
Advise Protection team on Service Mapping and Referrals (link teams with existing referral mechanisms where possible)
With support from the Gender and Protection lead and the Programme Manager, organize and carry out a debrief and action planning meeting for programme team.
Two consultation and validation meetings conducted for program staff in Hargeisa and in the field (inviting other key stakeholders.)
Final protection analysis report (Max 15 – 20 pages) covering findings of desk review and field assessment, with an executive summary (3 pages) of key findings and recommendations.
Produce a short (3 pager) of key recommendations on integrating safe programming in Oxfam’s humanitarian programme (EFSVL and WASH) and key protection messaging for Oxfam’s protection team
Presentation/Debrief to Oxfam Programme team
KEY INFORMATION OR QUESTIONS TO BE COVERED IN THE MISSION
Description of the protection situation in the area covering conflict, power relations, protection structures and actors, laws and networks, service provision, coping strategies.
Community perception of safety, dignity freedom of movement, level and prevalence of violence (difference between male/female perspective)
Protection issues related to WASH and EFSVL; in particular activities being carried out by Oxfam under ECHO
Describe people’s access to appropriate information on their rights and entitlements
Describe awareness level of target communities on protection topics
Gather evidence of changes or impact on the Protection situation of both men and women caused or exacerbated by the drought, and future predictions of what may change
Identify the different protection issues as relate to different groups (children, disabled, men, women) and their different vulnerabilities.
What are the existing services being provided by national and international partners to assist men, women, boys and girls (IDPs and refugees) and where are the service gaps
Determine if there are barriers to access existing services and information for men, women, boys and girls
Preliminary identification of prevailing attitudes of host communities to IDPs, and any conflict risk factors
Assess the impact of the crisis on household relationships and identify appropriate activities which could mitigate negative behaviour within the HH.
The assessment proposes a mixed method using qualitative and quantitative data collection, making use of both primary and secondary data with a desk review, and field data collection.
Collection of secondary data will comprise:
A desk review will provide an understanding of the current situation and a preliminary analysis of the conflict and protection situation in target areas of Sool and Sanaag.
Collection of Primary data will comprise:
Three basic techniques will be used in collection of primary data: Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGD), observation and other participatory approaches as appropriate.
Detailed notes will be taken during FGDs and KIIs, with necessary ethical considerations. All necessary data quality control measures will be put in place during the field work, ensuring data protection during collection, storage, transfer, analysis and reporting.
A team of enumerators including the main consultant plus Oxfam staff will support with the collection of data.
Ø Time Frame
Outline the research methodology, sampling, analytical framework, and report outline, desk review and finalize tools and conduct a briefing with program staff
Field data collection.
Share preliminary findings and recommendations from the desk review and field assessment.
Finalize report, A consultative workshop with relevant stakeholders on the key finding and recommendations, sign off
REQUIRED PROFILE OF THE PROTECTION ANALYSIS CONSULTANT
The following qualifications are required to successfully carry out this assignment:
Master/University level education in human rights, humanitarian affairs, sociology, social sciences or community development.
Knowledge and good understanding of protection in emergency context.
Experience in mainstreaming protection and protection stand-alone humanitarian projects and programmes.
Previous experience of conducting and leading protection analysis
Proven experience and understanding of protection and emergencies issues, including conflict, clan and power dynamics in Somaliland
Experience of research, evaluation and uses of participatory approach on protection and humanitarian issues.
Oxfam invites interested individuals and companies to submit the following application documents:
Technical proposal (max. 4 pages) with detailed budget plan including the costs for consultancy allowance, data collection etc. And a proposed activities schedule/workplan based on the suggested timeframe for the assignment.
Copy of CV of the consultant(s) who will undertake the baseline assessment;
One example of similar work conducted by the consultant
MANAGEMENT and REPORTING
The Protection analysis consultant will be managed by the Senior Gender Protection Officer with support of Humanitarian Programme Manager, Buro Program manager to provide the contextual support.
Interested and qualified consultants should send their applications before or by 20th of July 2018 by 12:00 p.m. with the subject ‘’
Application on Oxfam Protection analysis for emergency response of Sool and Sanaag regions of Somaliland” to Email: Somaliajobs@oxfamnovib.nl based on the urgent need of the action the shortlisting will be conducted on rolling bases.
 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Humanitarian Impacts of Drought. Issue 6 June 2017
 HTC. Centrality of Protection Strategy 2018 – 2019.
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