RAPID GENDER ANALYSIS
TERMS OF REFERENCE
OXFAM PURPOSE: Oxfam is a leading, global humanitarian organization that works with others to overcome poverty and suffering. As part of a global movement for change, we are working together with communities to support them to have a say in decisions that affect them.
Currently East Africa region is facing a major drought, which comes on the back of the 2016 El Nino drought from which many communities have not yet recovered. Across Somaliland/Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya, 14.5 million people need humanitarian assistance (Somalia/Somaliland 6.2m, Ethiopia 5.6m and Kenya 2.7m).
Oxfam has worked in Somalia/Somaliland for more than 40 years and has extensive experience in collaborative design and management of both emergency response programs and development and resilience-oriented programming. Oxfam’s humanitarian response team has grown over the last months and expanding its response to increase and strengthen its humanitarian interventions in the country.
Drought in Somalia/Somaliland has led to another wave of displacement since early 2015, with an estimated 761,000 people having been displaced by the drought since November 2016. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are moving from rural areas to urban and peri-urban centers in search of livelihood opportunities and humanitarian assistance.
The increased displacement presents significant challenges, particularly for women and children. Family separation, both forced and voluntary, has resulted in increased numbers of femaleand child-headed households and raises the risk of sexual violence or early marriage. Additionally, although likely substantially underreported, Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) remains prevalent, with women and girls from IDP households particularly vulnerable.
Crisis can further exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and reinforce gender norms. Women and girls continue to be considered as legal minors in customary law and generally inferior to men
and boys. As a result, the situation of Somali women is particularly acuteand presents real concerns for their fair treatment, access to justice and overall human rights protection.
An understanding of the different capacities of women, men, girls and boys, coping mechanisms, roles, power relations and immediate needs will inform the design and implementation of an effective and equitable humanitarian interventions. To facilitate this process, Oxfam is commissioning a rapid gender assessment to inform its humanitarian interventions. The assessment will cover minimum 16 communities under the four districts of Lasanod, Ainabo, Gar-adag and Eil-afweyn that includes, Ulasan,Tulo-samakab, Adhi-cadey, Gabogabo,BedweynGawsaweine, Canjiid, Dhudhubdhiilo, Balaadhis, Berkeda Ali hirsi, Karasharka, Ceel-adeHulul, Gar-adag, Qoridhere and Dhomo.
OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSIGNMENT
The aim of the assessment is to understand gender-related comparable impact of the drought to women and men, girls and boys, and how they
respond and interact to the crisis. The analysis will inform current and future Oxfam programming and advocacy and inform the wider humanitarian response.
To understand the gender-differences (needs, interest, capacities, roles, relations, risk, vulnerabilities) of women and men, girls and boys and how they are affected by the drought
identify differing gendered needs and interests, risks, vulnerabilities and capacities
understand context and identify opportunities for increasing voice and participation
understand context and identify opportunities for economic empowerment
identify and understand challenges and how they cope
understand power dynamics and decision-making process, access to resources identify possible ways to address.
To identify capacities of duty bearers (government, international organizations and UN agencies, international and national NGOs and grass-root CSOs) in responding to the needs of the affected women, girls, boys and men and in providing humanitarian services
To understand the interaction between and among the affected people and the duty bearers from gender (inclusive) perspective
Desk review for back up and triangulation of the findings from the study.
Designand finalize the questionnaire framework and assessment tools: semi structured questions for FGDs and KIs. Use of gender analysis tools, IASC checklist, or any other proposed by the consultant and sectoral teamthat are suitable and helpful to collect both quantitative and qualitative data;
Data collection: field and different stakeholders
Data cleaning, analysis, recommendations andfeedback from key staff
Final report (Max 15to 20 pages) and a summary (3 pages) findings and recommendations
Develop a 2-pager document specific on key recommendations for integrating gender in each sector ie. Integrating Gender in WASH, Integrating Gender in EFSVL/protection.
Two consultation meetings with program teams, partners and other key stakeholders.
Key findings and recommendations presented to key stakeholders for their programmes and advocacy planning
KEY INFORMATIONOR QUESTIONS TO BE COVERED IN THE DESK REVIEW
Description of the gender profile in the country before and during the crisis: covering the demographic profile, poverty/development indices, education data by gender, social roles, protection, gender-specific cultural practices and national machinery for gender equality: laws and ministry networks;
2. Food security situation, nature of food insecurity (acute vs. chronic), main causes including shocks, and gender-specific coping mechanisms of IDPs and host community
Context and Situation of women, men, girls and boys that describes differing gendered needs and interests, risks, vulnerabilities and capacities and gather evidence of changes or opportunities on social, political and economic situation of both men and woman.
Provide/ Update an informed analysis of the impact of the drought on the roles of women and men, girls and boys their respective response to the crisis including coping mechanism and issues arising.
Identify/Update the existing services being provided by national and international partners to assist women, men, girls and boys and identify gaps as well as barriers to access these services and information
- identification of prevailing situation and/interaction between and among different groups (e.g. Host vs IDP/refugees; or maleVs female; service providers vs beneficiaries) and it affects access to humanitarian aid
7.Assess the impact of the crisis on household relationships, and identify appropriate activities which could mitigate negative behavior within the HH
The assessment is mainly a qualitative research but will useboth qualitative and quantitative methods. It will use existing secondary data as well as collect primary data.
Collection of secondary data will comprise:
A desk review will provide and understanding of the current situation and a preliminary analysis of the existing gender gaps. This builds on the rapid gender analysis done in 2017 plus other assessments like the protection assessments project needs assessments
Collection of primary data will comprise:
Three basic techniques will be used in collection of primary data: Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGD)and
Data from FGDs and KIIs will be documented with necessary ethical considerations. All necessary data quality control measures will be put in place during the field work, ensuring data protection during collection, storage, transfer, analysis and reporting.
A team of enumerators (main consultant plus Oxfam staff) to collect data.
TOR discussion /finalization; planning; briefing, Outline the research methodology, sampling, analytical framework, and report outline, desk review and finalize tools and briefing program staff, enumerators.
Field data collection and analysis.
Finalize report, A consultative workshop with relevant stakeholders on the key finding and recommendations, sign off
REQUIRED PROFILE OF THE RAPID GENDER ANALYSIS CONSULTANT
The following qualifications are required to successfully carry out this assignment:
Master/University level education in human rights, humanitarian affairs, sociology, social sciences or community development.
Knowledge and good understanding of gender in emergency context.
Previous experience of carrying out similar work
Proven experience and understanding gender issues in Somaliland
Experience of research, evaluation and uses of participatory approach on gender/protection and humanitarian issues.
Oxfam invites interested individuals and companies to submit the following application documents:
Technical proposal (max. 4 pages) with detailed budget plan including the costs for consultancy allowance, data collection etc. And a proposed activities schedule/workplan based on the suggested timeframe for the assignment.
Copy of CV of the consultant(s) who will undertake the baseline assessment;
One example of similar work conducted by the consultant
MANAGEMENT and REPORTING
The Gender analysis consultant will be managed by the Senior Gender and Protection Officer with the technical support of HumanitarianProgramme Manager, Buro program managerand Gender adviser.
Interested and qualified consultants should send their applications before or by 20th of July 2018 by 12:00 p.m. with the subject ‘’
Application on Oxfam Gender analysis for emergency response of Sool and Sanaag regions of Somaliland” to Email: Somaliajobs@oxfamnovib.nl___________________________________________based on the urgent need of the action the shortlisting will be conducted on rolling bases.
 Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Humanitarian Impacts of Drought. Issue 6 June 2017
 Judith Gardener, 2007, Gender Profile for Somalia – Executive Summary
READ MORE FROM THE SOURCE: TERMS OF REFERENCE RAPID GENDER ANALYSIS